What will become of Socrates once he drinks the poison prescribed for his execution? Socrates and his friends examine several arguments designed to prove that the soul is immortal and that the death of the body does not result in killing the soul. The Phaedo (57a-67b, 72e-77a, 95a-105e) A. In the Phaedo the character Socrates argues that suicide is morally wrong. Socrates first recounts how as a young man he was fascinated by physical science. PHAEDO: Yes, Echecrates, I was. But, as is often the case in Plato’s dialogues, this work is not only about the immortality of the soul, it is one of the dialogues in which Plato presents the so-called “theory of forms,” a way of explaining what all instances of knowing and being have in common. uuid:716e5a42-a2bb-11b2-0a00-b0501f7cfe7f 1 0 obj 0000085346 00000 n Therefore we must have possessed such knowledge before birth and now be. 0000084954 00000 n %PDF-1.3 0000004165 00000 n The same account applies for cases of change: something becomes two, not by addition or subtraction, but by “participation” in duality (101c). The Phaedo presents Socrates’ final conversation. %���� They are put into the mouth of Socrates by Plato for his own purposes. 0000024185 00000 n %PDF-1.4 t�883����H�=��>���M'H�H�G���wό%E 9T8�E��P�̊]C��m�g�^MJ�8�&[�s���A �UFP�$r���$�]:0���'� 9�?���[}�vG5. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageC] /Filter [/FlateDecode ] 13 0 obj This low evaluation of the body is an ethical and epistemological corollary of “Platonic dualism,” the view that body and soul are separate entities and that the soul merely dwells in the body as in a vessel. The opposite of life is death. 0000005096 00000 n endobj 0000004753 00000 n >> startxref /P 0 What is really going on is that Socrates has a, During this discussion Socrates “slips in” a reference to the Forms (65d-e). %��������� All rights reserved. Therefore we must already have known the Equal Itself before we encountered this pair of equals (74e). 0000006683 00000 n Thus, in a dialogue as late as the Pbaef/,o, Socrates must be seen as a facade for Plato. 0 ), Size, Health, Strength. Hume's DIALOGUES CONCERNING NATURAL RELIGION PDF. Thus construed, Socrates’ argument is similar to that of the Rationalists in the 17th century. <>stream <> endobj application/pdf 0000000610 00000 n Here, he thought, was a philosopher who will go beyond ordinary physical explanations to explain the structure of reality in terms of why it is, Much to his chagrin, Socrates soon found that even Anaxagoras really only gave physical explanations like everyone else. <> H��WKo7��W�h�p���@��T@΂�GZ[�X1 This invocation of, Note that, formally speaking, Socrates is committing a fallacy; he treats a condition that is necessary for being with the gods (purity) as if it were a sufficient condition. 0000008229 00000 n 0000001553 00000 n 0000007631 00000 n The Phaedo is one of Plato’s middle period dialogues and, as such, reveals much of Plato’s own philosophy. Albert A. Anderson translated the Greek text into contemporary English. The main characters of this classics, non fiction story are , . <> Since we possess the senses from birth, we must have acquired this knowledge before birth (75b-c). THE PHAEDO (SELECTIONS) Prologue to the Dialogue (57a-59c) Echecrates. x�b```f``Y�����y�A�X������a�w ��!�P.�F�j��?�,��� V�T���A����S �] ��t���U&,����Y��_I�1NHa��Ҭ���M�3��x�gLl���x��C� ��,�m�`�z@� �' 58 0 obj This is the “method of hypothesis.” It consists in assuming whatever principle or conception (, The principle that Socrates has chosen is that there exists a Beauty Itself, a Good Itself, and so on (100b). 0000001877 00000 n QED. The Immortality of the Soul in Plato’s Phaedo In his dialogue, the Phaedo, Plato gives an account of the immortality of the soul. (73a-b), Any pair of sensible objects that are equal will sometimes not. /ID [<28bf4e5e4e758a4164004e56fffa0108><28bf4e5e4e758a4164004e56fffa0108>] He was delighted with Anaxagoras’s claim that Mind orders and is the cause of all things. Plato’s Phaedo is an important dialogue The Philosopher’s Virtue: Phaedo 68c–69c S. Lai 2 1 No Courage through Fear The first major section of the Phaedo is Socrates’ Defense (63e6–69e4), so named in direct contrast with Socrates’ Apology defense.The Phaedo defense is Socrates’ apologia to his fellow philosophers for why the true philosopher should be willing and ready to die. Were you yourself, Phaedo, in the prison with Socrates on the day when he drank the poison? endobj Therefore they fall short of being “the Equal Itself” (74c). Socrates first gives two arguments that echo the. THE DEATH SCENE FROM THE PHAEDO Plato When he had finished speaking, Crito said: [115b] “Well, Socrates, do you wish to leave any directions with us about your children or anything else – anything we can do to serve you?” S�l-�v��b�,\���m�t�ㇷf�S2C���U!خ�&Ǐն[��~ߤL|���]FD�gB)c�6�م1]!T{�U7.��M���y}�x�*C+xi��M=�z�;�q�������2�Y͈N�#���&K���GD�}�S�A��7����� ׼�F ���0v\�#z�]�b�GdaM�G4��B/r�L�+'���:dUv�%��~ ZG'.�����ݯk~�_�"�ؿ��KR�>���v�Mr�Gl��Ť���&��Pj�@L�� trailer 0000003192 00000 n 0000000017 00000 n /Prev 406870 For example, hot things are called hot because they participate in the Hot Itself. They discuss the immortality of the soul, a philosophical question of some urgency given the circumstances. Since these concepts are not “given” in experience, we must have some other means of acquiring them—namely, by apprehending the Forms. 0000008199 00000 n This prompts Cebes to ask for a defense of recollection. /Length 4512 0000011514 00000 n endobj /L 408766 Phaedo. x�\ɒ丑��+x�2�fs_�2֒��46�i��4�)����B�̨�ȬE_�K���� � ���6+f�����|�������.�xm�n���|���C��c���/U������G�}�o�GS�E�t}>�CQ6m�������a/7��7�*���.���=s^�q�m妮�b�!鱗��� 7eQ�e���_���n>���8��G���u�ߟ.�z��*C�����b��շL'�����*�[~��f�9�mQv�$�[9~�Y��zR��1���T�}PQmTQ`�д�#x�do�_��ϓ�$S View Plato_Phaedo.pdf from PSYC AND PHIL 101 at Winthrop University, Rock Hill. 0000077893 00000 n 60 0 obj �X+�h���Z_�Z���̄������ӯQ. PLACE OF THE NARRATION: Phlius. endobj D’après Diogène Laërce, son /H [ 712 909 ] %PDF-1.4 %���� )˓ ��. 14 0 obj After an interval of some months or years, and at Phlius, a town of Peloponnesus, the tale of the last hours of Socrates is narrated to Echecrates and other Phliasians by Phaedo the 'beloved disciple.' 0000013135 00000 n This last point is the key he needs to argue that the soul is immortal. Prince 9.0 rev 5 (www.princexml.com) 2016-04-22T19:26:20-07:00 The main subject of the dialogue is the immortality of the soul. endobj <> x��]]��6}`��:L]K�e;/A6�E���6��>�=b#�^Qg�F�J)y|y8�;J[tQlS(����qt07�c�����+Y__5d����W��/ ^��������q0�7������AĂ�}r�����$r�TR��J����/�W��(>�J?p2ZL�@�����U��Q�_e4M&�� ��d��z��o�w��3�_E4i��|��g�F�@�1����x4���I�o� X�$F�y��0l'�oK=�y�� �W:�턗O�)55��GOrn��'GO*�Uw�դ83�? Download: A 142k text-only version is available for download. 0000001337 00000 n In his dialogue, the Phaedo, Plato gives an account of the immortality of the soul. For example, Descartes argues in. b#(+�Eo�V�F����ՕQt�����&�)���{w,ܽ~=��t�t�m\�hF��Z�B�Y©��Y�*�(�}R��F����x�_W� ��hsDg���j����_���γ�y�D_)x+��=�F׭ endobj h��� -z�Q��+��(�)Do0�@B�u'G���9O����`�|tӻ�&|Y <, Plato's Phaedo: Tragedy, Philosophy, and Backstabbing. 15 0 obj<>stream 0000089200 00000 n Essentially Socrates is arguing that sensory experience does not explain our possession of concepts such as those equality, beauty, the good, and so on. /Info 87 0 R It is that a thing can take on the property F, not only because of the presence of F, but also because of the presence of something that “brings” F. For example, fire brings heat; snow brings cold; three brings odd; fever brings sickness (103c-105c).

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